What Is the Fairfax County Courthouse?
If you’re facing criminal charges in Fairfax, VA, there’s a good chance that your case will be decided at the Fairfax Courthouse in Virginia.
The historic Fairfax County Courthouse is a 258-year-old facility that houses the Fairfax County General District Court and circuit court. It is also home to the Fairfax County Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Court.
The courthouse building has a rich history and was used as a military outpost by Union and Confederate soldiers at different times during the American civil war. As the primary courthouse in Fairfax County, it has become a symbol of justice for the locals in the area.
Because there’s more than one court there, it could be challenging to understand which court has jurisdiction in your case, which could make things difficult for you as you prepare your defense. The information provided here provides some insight into the workings of the courts and the types of proceedings handled by each court.
Types of Criminal Cases Heard at the Courthouse
The criminal cases heard at the Fairfax County Courthouse grounds vary depending on the criminal jurisdiction of the two general trial courts that are sited there: the Fairfax Circuit Court and the General District Court.
The Fairfax Circuit Court
The Fairfax Circuit Court serves Fairfax County and Fairfax City and is the largest trial court in Virginia. It has jurisdiction over civil and criminal cases and conducts jury and non-jury trials.
The court has exclusive jurisdiction over all felony offenses, including those involving juveniles whose cases have been transferred from a juvenile court.
The court also hears criminal appeals from the general district court in misdemeanor cases or cases involving traffic offenses.
The General District Court
The Fairfax County General District Court hears both civil and criminal cases.
The court’s criminal jurisdiction extends to cases involving:
- Traffic violations
- Preliminary hearings in felony cases.
The court also has the power to issue restricted driver’s licenses to DUI offenders whose licenses had been suspended by the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV). To get this license, you’ll need to petition the court and demonstrate good reasons why the license should be issued. You can consult your attorney to understand how this process works and whether it is appropriate for you if you’re dealing with the consequences of a DUI or reckless driving charge.
Note that there are no jury trials at this county court, and all cases are decided by the judge alone.
How to Contact the Courthouse
The courthouse is located at 4110 Chain Bridge Road, Fairfax County, VA 22030. All the courts at the courthouse are open Monday to Friday from 8:00 AM to 4:00 PM.
If you have any inquiries, you can call or email the courthouse to get answers. The contact information for each court is as follows:
Fairfax County General District Court- (703)-246-3764/ [email protected]
Fairfax Circuit Court -(703) 691-732
Fairfax County Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court- (703)-246-3367
You can also visit the the court clerk’s office for the respective courts within normal business hours if you have any issues.
Accessing the Courthouse Dockets
The courts at the Fairfax Courthouse have full dockets and hear cases throughout the week except for holidays. The court dockets are updated regularly and are available online, allowing individuals to see the status of their case and the upcoming court schedule.
If your case is coming up at the circuit court, you can access the court docket using the court’s online platform. All you need to do is provide the name of one of the parties or any of the attorneys handling the case, after which you get access to the information you need. Note that the circuit court online docket service is only available from Wednesday at 6 PM to Friday evening, so all queries and searches should be reserved till that time.
For the general district court, the docket is published ahead of time in a weekly schedule. The court also has a yearly calendar showing the available dates for hearing different kinds of cases. However, the calendar could be amended at any time, so you’ll need to periodically verify the information there while you monitor your case’s progress.
How Criminal Defense Attorneys Can Help
The presence of more than one court at the Fairfax Courthouse could make it difficult to navigate the processes there, especially when you’re dealing with a high-stakes criminal trial. You can ask an experienced local attorney to ease your stress and represent you throughout your case at the courthouse.
The importance of legal representation cannot be overstated, especially if you face criminal charges. If convicted, you could end up in jail. A defense lawyer can help you fight the charges by presenting the presiding judge with a strong case. Our goal will be to ensure that you are treated fairly by the criminal justice system.
You do not have to go through the court processes alone. Consider getting legal advice and representation from experienced Fairfax attorneys to improve your chances of success.
In case you’re wondering “how to find the best criminal defense firm” around you, all you need to do is look out for a law firm with a reputation for success and outstanding service delivery.
Get Help With Your Fairfax County Courthouse Case at Scrofano Law, PC
We are an established criminal defense law firm committed to defending our clients in felony or misdemeanor cases and striving to reach positive outcomes in each case. Our lawyers have successfully handled numerous cases in Fairfax, and we understand how the processes work. We can answer your questions and are ready to represent you throughout the court process.
Get in touch to speak with one of our skilled attorneys immediately and get the help you need.
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