The Fairfax Court System


When you want legal information, ask an attorney. Your advisor from Scrofano Law PC provides a guide to the Fairfax Court System. Contact us today!

What Is the Fairfax Court System?


Whether preparing for a preliminary hearing or handling a summons for a recent traffic offense, residents of Fairfax, VA, may want to know more about the local courts. Founded in 1742, the Fairfax Court System is one of the oldest in the country. It is considered a crucial part of Northern Virginia’s justice system due to its commitment to speedy, affordable justice.

The Fairfax County Court system has general jurisdiction over civil and criminal cases. This court can also hear appeals from decisions made by lower courts in Virginia. It hears only cases involving state law or local ordinances since the Fairfax County Court is not a federal court.

For assistance from an experienced criminal lawyer in Fairfax in a pre-trial or jury trial, contact Scrofano Law.


The Goal of the Fairfax Court System


A primary goal of the Fairfax Court System is to provide equal access to justice, regardless of race or gender.

Despite the Fairfax court’s goal, hiring skilled attorneys from an established law firm is best to safeguard your rights. In addition to assessing criminal cases for the Fairfax, VA Circuit Court, a Virginia criminal lawyer from a local law firm can also assist you with other matters.

How Does the Fairfax Court System Work?


The Fairfax County Court system is divided into four divisions: General District Court, Circuit Court, Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Court (JDR), and Traffic Court Division (TCD).

  1. The General District Court in Fairfax is responsible for hearing all criminal and traffic cases. Only judges have the right to be involved in these trials, which is why a conviction can be appealed to the Circuit Court.
  2. Circuit Court provides a trial option where people have the right to choose whether a jury will hear their case or whether the presiding judge will determine it. Courts that hear felonies serve as the most serious forms of criminal justice.
  3. The JDR has the authority to hear cases about family or household members and those where juveniles are victims or defendants. The presiding judge determines the outcome of any case under this court.
  4. The TCD in Fairfax Court is responsible for adjudicating minor traffic violations and parking violations. The goal of the TCD is to reduce congestion at the courthouse and save time for people who are not guilty of the offense they were cited for.

You may contact a Virginia criminal lawyer for a consultation for additional resources and information.


Where Does the Fairfax County Court Exercise its Geographical Jurisdiction?

The Fairfax County Court System has jurisdiction over the following cities:

Upon conviction, the person may appeal the case to the Circuit Court of Appeals, followed by the Supreme Court of Virginia. Hiring a lawyer when appealing a criminal misdemeanor or felony charge would be highly beneficial.

Which Steps Make up the Judicial Process in the Fairfax Court System?


Court proceedings in Fairfax County are complicated yet systematic in nature. The state outlines steps and procedures for criminal procedure. The steps that make up the judicial process in Fairfax County consist of:

  1. Arrest: A person charged with an offense will be arrested by law enforcement officials and brought to jail.
  2. Booking: The person will be booked at jail and may have their fingerprints taken. They will also have their mugshot taken for identification purposes.
  3. Bail: Before the person can be released from jail, they may have to post bail.
  4. Initial Appearance: The accused is formally notified of the charges against them, and the hearing is scheduled. In this stage, it is possible for the accused to speak with their attorney without appearing in court.

A reputable attorney may be able to ascertain that the Fourth Amendment rights of the accused were violated. Criminal defense strategies based on this could be effective.

How Many Courtrooms Are in Fairfax County Courthouse?


The Fairfax County Courthouse is located in the middle of Fairfax County, Virginia, at 4110 Chain Bridge Road. In total, there are 13 courtrooms in the courthouse, making it one of the busiest in the United States.


What Cases Does the Fairfax Court Hear?


The Fairfax County Circuit Court handles the following types of cases:

  • Traffic infractions

  • Misdemeanor criminal charges

  • Civil cases involving more than $6,000

  • Felony criminal charges

  • Appeals from lower courts

If you need assistance dealing with legal matters at the Fairfax Circuit Court, you might benefit from consulting with a reputable attorney from Scrofano Law.

How Are Judges Selected for the Fairfax Court System?


Depending on the court in which they will serve, Fairfax Court Judges are selected in various ways. Judicial Inquiry and Review Commission nominates Circuit Court judges, who the Governor then nominates.

In district courts, judges are nominated by the General Assembly to serve six-year terms. Local officials appoint juvenile and Domestic Relations District Court judges for four-year terms.


A Case’s Journey Through Fairfax Court


In order to understand the process of moving a case through the Fairfax Court System, it is essential to understand what happens at each stage of the process.

  1. The first step in a case is to file a complaint. A person or company who feels another party has wronged them files a complaint, which is assigned to a judge.
  2. Next, if the judge feels that there is enough evidence for the case to move forward, they will issue an order. This means that there will be an arraignment and trial date set.
  3. The next step in this process is an arraignment, where both sides of the case meet with the judge and enter their pleas.
  4. Following this, both sides will have time to prepare for trial, which a jury of their peers will decide.

To better improve your chance of a successful experience in the Fairfax Court system, you may consider consulting with a reputable criminal defense attorney in Virginia.


How Can an Attorney Help With Your Fairfax County Court Case?

An attorney in the Fairfax, VA, area may be able to provide guidance and representation for your case. Legal issues make it wise to consult an attorney before going to court.

Contact Scrofano Law for a consultation and case evaluation today.


We fight for your rights!